Sonnets have fourteen lines with specific rhyme schemes written in iambic pentameter. Petrarchan (Italian) Sonnets, after the first eight lines, the last six lines have a shift or change of thought. The rhyme scheme begins with an Italian Octave, A, B, B, A, B, B, A, then it can be either C, D, C, D, C, D, or C, C, D, D, E, E. The Shakespearean (Elizabethan) Sonnet is written in four parts, first four lines state the main theme, metaphor, question or problem. The second four lines elaborate, the third four lines add a twist or conflict, and the last two lines create a resolution. The rhyme scheme is A, B, A, B, C, D, C, D, E, F, E, F, G, G. Spenserian Sonnets have a rhyme scheme of, A, B, A, B, B, C, D, C, C, D, C, D, E, E.
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